The trucking industry is an essential part any economy. This industry contributes by transporting large quantities of raw materials, works in process, and finished goods over land. This transportation is done from manufacturing plants to retail distribution centers.
Before the invention of automobiles, much of the transportation was done either by train or by horse drawn carriages. The World War I saw an increase in the usage of trucks. As the number of paved roads increased, so did the use of trucks. Trucking has come to dominate the freight industry in the second part of the 20th century.
The construction industry employs the use of trucks, mainly dump trucks and portable concrete mixers. Trucks are also necessary to move the large amounts of rocks, dirt, concrete, and other building materials used in construction. Trucks play a vital part in the manufacturing, transportation, and warehousing industries.
So can anyone run these trucks? No! Large trucks require a commercial driver’s license to operate. In order to obtain a commercial driver’s license, one needs extra education and training and one must also have the knowledge and handling characteristics of large vehicles. It is important that people holding commercial driver’s adhere to the hours of service. These hours of service dictate the driving hours of commercial vehicles. Then there are rules regarding the safety of interstate commercial driving.
Over the past years there has been tremendous development in technology that has contributed to improvement in the trucking industry. Computers, satellite communication, the internet etc. have increased the productivity of the company operations.
Let us take a look at how the productivity of the trucking industry can be bettered. This is taken care of by ensuring that there are fewer empty miles and less time waiting between loads.
Most trucks are now equipped with GPS satellite navigation units and hence drivers no longer need to depend on the traditional paper-based map. This has resulted in saving both time and effort.
In recent times, more and more companies have moved from manual transmission to automatic transmission in their trucks. One of the main reasons for this is that driving trucks with manual transmission requires more skills and attention by the driver. Automatic transmission also has the added benefits of fuel efficiency, increased driver retention, reduced wear and tear of gears. It also has the added advantage of reduced driver fatigue, and reduced.
The trucking and transportation industry is a vital part of the working of retail stores, hospitals, gas stations, garbage disposal, construction sites, and banks. Clean water supply depends entirely upon trucks to distribute vital cargo. Remember that even before the products can populate the shelves of a retail store, trucks are required for the transportation of raw material and other material required for the manufacturing of the goods.
Truck drivers are limited by the number of daily and weekly hours they may drive. Rules also decide the roads and highways they may drive upon. Truck drivers have a lower legal definition of drunkenness.